Browsing: Neurology

Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a “can’t miss” diagnosis in the emergency department characterized by lower back pain. It is associated with red flag symptoms such as urinary retention or incontinence,
Meningitis is a cause for concern when it comes to a patient in the ED. It is one of those cannot-miss diagnoses, as there are devastating neurological complications that can occur if bacterial, funga
It is important to consider West Nile Virus as a major cause of neuroinvasive disease and acute flaccid paralysis. If a febrile, altered patient comes into the ED with focal neurological deficits, it
Pneumocephalus, defined as air present in the intracranial area, is a known complication of accessing the epidural space. Patients with pneumocephalus can have a wide-ranging presentation from benign
Neurogenic pulmonary edema, associated with high mortality, can occur after any neurologic insult and is best addressed by controlling intracranial pressure.
Rare, but possible, diagnosis of epidural abscess must be considered when a pediatric patient presents with back pain. When diagnosed, carefully evaluate the risks and benefits of medical versus surgi
Although post COVID-19 fatigue and weakness are common and often benign complaints, high suspicion for Guillain-Barré syndrome should be upheld when evaluating patients, as there have been numerous ca
Spinal cord infarction is infrequent and if missed can result in significant mortality, disability (including irreversible paralysis), and reduced quality of life. Here we discuss a case of spinal str
Although rare, chorea-hyperglycemia-basal ganglia syndrome is a presenting symptom of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus.
Emergency physicians should be familiar with basics of ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement in patients with hydrocephalus and aware of potential complications that can arise in this population.