Browsing: Toxicology

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Emergency physicians must keep multiple things in mind when treating patients presenting with suspected xylazine exposure. First and foremost, it may be difficult to diagnose, as routine urine drug sc
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Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) is caused by eating filter feeders contaminated by paralytic shellfish toxin from algae. Toxin levels contained in a single shellfish can be fatal to humans. In cas
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Recent literature shows that illicit benzodiazepines have been associated with significant impairment, have higher potencies than standard benzodiazepines, and are harder to identify via screening met
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The ever-growing frequency of patients presenting to the emergency department with fentanyl overdoses — and fentanyl’s surging presence in cocaine and other black-market drugs — demands that we, as em
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Clonidine is a widely available drug and has been seen as the culprit in an increased number of intentional and accidental overdoses. Symptoms of toxicity include hypertension or hypotension, bradycar
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How reliable is the old adage, "GCS less than 8, intubate"? A randomized trial examines the effect of intubation vs. noninvasive airway management for poisoned patients with GCS less than 8.
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There is no shortage of literature supporting the role of ECMO in acute coronary syndrome, sepsis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, cardiac arrest, pulmonary embolism, traumatic pulmonary contusio
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Valacyclovir-associated neurotoxicity (VAN) is a relatively rare phenomenon. This case report details a unique presentation of VAN in a hemodialysis-dependent patient. It underscores the importance of
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Marijuana, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), and CBD (cannabidiol) products are becoming increasingly popularized and legalized in our society. With the proliferation of these products’ use also comes accid
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Western pygmy rattlesnake envenomations are a rare occurrence but should not be underestimated, as they cause significant morbidity. FabAV, also known as CroFab® (generic: crotalidae polyvalent immune